MODULE TWO

Lesson 1. Basic biochemistry – some basic underpinning principles of biochemistry and the laws that govern how molecules link/bond. Understanding the different bonds formed within the macronutrients and the relevance of these bonds.

Lesson 2. Protein – the building blocks of protein and how the various levels of organisation that subsequently occur effect the role of a protein. Why some amino acids are essential and the implications of this from a dietary perspective.

Lesson 3. Lipids – understanding how lipids are constructed and organised; the basic building blocks of a triglyceride and the different structures of fatty acids. Why certain fatty acids are classified as essential and their roles in the body.

Lesson 4. Carbohydrates – understanding the basic terminology used to describe carbohydrates. How monosaccharides form disaccharides and then more complex polysaccharides and the different types of starch found in the diet. The glycaemic index and how this can be utilised when looking at your diet.

Lesson 5. Vitamins & minerals (micronutrients) – General roles in human nutrition. The different sub categories of vitamins and the implications as regards to where these are found in the diet. The roles of each vitamin and the importance of referring to report 41. What is the difference between a vitamin and a mineral?

Lesson 6. Dietary Reference Value’s (DRV’s) and how to apply them. The difference between a dietary reference value and a dietary guideline. The different terminology that is used within the dietary reference values.

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